4.1. The 4 Pillars of DP



The 4 Pillars of DP:

  1. A Coach
  2. Individualized Learning Objectives
  3. Feedback
  4. Successive Refinement


  1. K Anders Ericsson and Robert Pool's book, Peak.
  2. Chapter 4 of Better Results book.
  3. If you want to geek out further, check out the edited book, Expertise and Expert Performance. There is a new 2nd edition.
  4. Our re-analysis of the effects of deliberate practice: Miller, S. D., Chow, D., Wampold, B. E., Hubble, M. A., Del Re, A. C., Maeschalck, C., & Bargmann, S. (2018). To be or not to be (an expert)? Revisiting the role of deliberate practice in improving performance. High Ability Studies, 1-11. doi:10.1080/13598139.2018.1519410
  5. A paper we did in the Journal of Expertise: Miller, S. D., Hubble, M., & Chow, D. (2018). The question of expertise in psychotherapy. Journal of Expertise, 1(2). 
  6. 3 blogposts from Frontiers:

a. What Does Deliberate Practice Look Like?

b. 10 Things to Avoid in DP.

c. Clinical Practice vs. Deliberate Practice


As a thought experiment, apply the principle of subtraction. If you remove any one of the 4 components of DP, would you be able to improve? Why yes, or why not?

What are key missing DP components that you notice is/are missing in our field of psychotherapy? 

Complete and Continue